Archaeological sites near Tulum that you can not miss
The Riviera Maya is the jewel of the Mexican crown in every way. It is the national pride for its cultural, gastronomic, natural wealth and even its biodiversity; The best example of this is Tulum, whose world-renowned archeological site has a privileged location facing the sea, which makes it an unmissable paradise.
In addition, part of this attraction is the possibility that all tourists have to get to know one of the most important ancestral cultures on the planet: the Maya.
For this, we leave you a list of the most important archaeological sites in Tulum or in nearby areas.
1. Archaeological zone of Tulum
This walled city had its peak after the fall of the other major cities in the region: Chichen Itza and Mayapán, between 1250 and 1550. Unlike the latter, Tulum was inhabited at the time of the arrival of the Spaniards, and went to from then on when his decline began.
Tulum functioned as one of the most dynamic ports of the Maya, which saw innumerable products entering and leaving from its docks, about fifteen hundred years ago. Today, it is a protected national park.
Here, the most important structure is El Castillo. In its upper part, religious rites were performed. The back is the one that overlooks the Caribbean Sea
It is an impressive building, which served as a guide for ships approaching the coast. In Mexico is the second longest barrier reef in the world and there were few ships that were shipwrecked trying to dodge it. The Castle functioned as a lighthouse (during the night it seemed to be lit with torches) to indicate to the boats the place where they should turn to take the channel that opened in the reef.
It is only 10 minutes by car from Elementus.
2. Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza is a World Heritage Site according to UNESCO and one of the "Seven New Wonders of the World".
The archaeological site covers an area of 6.5 square kilometers and has the southern zone, which dates back to the seventh century with the Mayan-style construction Puuc and the central area, built after the arrival of the Toltecs around the 10th century.
The most important structures of Chichen Itza are located in the central area. There you will find the Ball Game, the impressive Kukulkan Pyramid and the 25-meter Mayan stone calendar. We recommend you to hire a guide who during the tour shreds the entire history of the place and the secrets it hides, it could even take you to the Sacred Cenote.
During the spring and autumn equinoxes, the sun creates the illusion of a snake descending the stairs of the Pyramid of Kukulkan, a fantastic phenomenon that attracts many people. The illusion is reproduced in the light and sound show that takes place every night at the archaeological site.
The Chichen Itza area is a little more removed from Tulum, since it is located in Yucatán, but we assure you it is worth 100%.
Its original name Co-Bah, means abundant water and at once we warn you: go prepared in case you want to combine the visit with the swim in one of its five lakes or cenotes that surround the archaeological zone.
The place resembles Chichen Itza, but here you will hardly find crowds, since few know it despite being the largest commercial city that the Maya built in the Yucatan area.
The climb to the pyramid is on your own and the effort will pay off when you see the view from the top, with all the jungle at your feet.
Another recommendation is that if you plan to visit Cobá, you must provide a full day, because all its structures are far from each other and the route is walking, although some sections can be done by rickshaw.
Wear water, hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, swimsuit, good shoes and mosquito repellent.
Cobá is located around 40 minutes from Elementus Tulum ByGuruHotel.
4. Ruins of Xaman-Há
First of all, you must keep in mind that to visit the archaeological village you must request permission from the Center of the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Quintana Roo. Once achieved, you can approach the ruins and report your visit at the access control post to the facilities.
Before the arrival of the Spaniards to the Continent, Xaman ha (Agua del Norte) was the name of all Playa del Carmen. You will find yourself in a city with a certain status, since it is the place where the Mayans began their pilgrimage trip to Cozumel, to worship the Mayan goddess of love, Ixchel.
Admission is free.
The ruins of Xaman Ha are located 50 minutes from Elementus Tulum, taking the Chetumal-Cancún highway to the north.